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[396] Department of the Ohio issued an order declaring the state under martial law, and said, ‘It is for the purpose, only, of protecting, if necessary, the rights of loyal citizens and the freedom of elections.’ He would have more correctly said, ‘It is for the purpose of enforcing and securing a majority for the candidates of my views.’ The general in command in the western part of the state issued an order to regulate the election in that quarter, and the colonels at every post did likewise. In Louisville, on the day of election, there were ten soldiers with muskets at each voting place who, with crossed bayonets, stood in the doors, preventing all access of voters to the polls but by their permission, and who arrested and carried to the military prison all whom they were told to arrest. Out of some eight thousand voters in the city, less than five thousand votes were taken. How many of the missing three thousand were deterred from attempting to vote could not be ascertained, nor was it necessary, for the intimidation of three thousand voters is no greater outrage than the intimidation of only three hundred. The interpretation generally put on the order of the commanding officer by the opposition party was that no man was to have the privilege of having his right to vote tested by the judges of election if he was pointed out to the guard by any one of the detectives as a proper person to be arrested. As the commanding officer had not the semblance of legal or rightful power to interfere with the election, the most sinister suspicions were naturally aroused, and very many were said to have been deterred from going to the polls through fear that they would be made the victims to personal or party malice. Similar intimidation was practiced in other parts of the state. The result was that there was not only direct military interference with the election, but that it was conducted in most of the state under the intimidation of the bayonets of the government of the United States. The total vote was 85,695. In 1860 the vote of the state was 146,216. The governor-elect in his message spoke of such an unjust election as follows:
The recent elections clearly and unmistakably define the popular will and public judgment of Kentucky. It is settled that Kentucky will, with unwavering faith and unswerving purpose, stand by and support the Government in every effort to suppress the rebellion and maintain the Union.

The true sense of this language is that the government of the United States had so far subverted the state government and destroyed the sovereignty of the people that they could not withstand its further aggressions.

The government of the United States was now ready to move forward in its design to destroy one of the most valuable institutions of

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