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[400]

In this order the only pretext put forward is that of domestic violence. But in that case the Constitution of the United States gives no authority to the United States government to interfere except on the express conditions of an ‘application of the Legislature, or of the Executive, when the Legislature can not be convened.’ There had been no application of the legislature or of the Executive. On the contrary, the governor of the state, like a brave man, told the Executive of the United States to keep his hands off, and to keep his military forces without the state, and he pledged himself to preserve its peace and neutrality. But arguments or pledges on the part of the victim have never yet stopped the progress of the remorseless usurper. The subjugation of the state government of Missouri to the will and designs of the government at Washington had been determined upon, and the sovereignty of the people was to be crushed by troops from the sister states of Kansas, Iowa, and Illinois.

But the bravery of the governor and the determination of the legislature caused the government of the United States to depart from its usually stealthy progress in the invasion of the state government and the sovereignty of the people, and to adopt bolder measures. The governor was charged with purposes of treason and secession, for his attempt faithfully to discharge .the duties of a conscientious governor to the citizens. Says the commander of the United States forces, in his proclamation:

The recent proclamation of Governor Jackson, by which he has set at defiance the authorities of the United States and urged you to make war upon them, is but a consummation of his treasonable purposes, long indicated by his acts and expressed opinions, and now made manifest.

These are fine words to come from the satrap of a usurper who invades a state of the Union without lawful permission or authority, with the design to subvert its government and overthrow the sovereignty of its people, and to be applied by him to the only governor in the Northern states who strove defiantly to protect the unalienable rights and sovereignty of his constituents!

Troops were now poured into the state by the government of the United States so rapidly as to render the successful opposition of the lawful authorities impossible, and the control of a large portion of the state was soon held by the military forces. The governor, unable to resist, retired to the southern part of the state. Meantime the state convention, which had been called to consider the relations between the government of the United States and the state of Missouri, and to adopt such measures for vindicating the sovereignty of the state as **

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T. J. Jackson (1)
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