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[401] were necessary, reassembled on the call of its committee. Entirely forgetful of the objects for which the people had called it together, it proceeded to declare the state offices vacant, and to elect a provisional governor and other officers entirely subservient to the will and behests of the administration at Washington. The commanding general now declared martial law in the state, and the emancipation of all slaves belonging to persons who had taken an active part with us. This emancipation clause was soon modified by the President as in advance of the times.

The attention of the reader is called to the numerous usurpations and violations of constitutional principles and of laws, by the government of the United States and its champions, contained in the few lines of the preceding paragraphs, viz.: the invasion with military force, the expulsion of the lawful state authorities, the assumption by the state convention of unlawful powers, the election and introduction of persons to offices not vacant, the abandonment of all protection of the unalienable rights of the people, the declaration of martial law without any authority for it, and the attempt to emancipate the slaves in violation of every law and constitutional principle.

The severity of the Executive of the United States now began to be felt by the citizens of the state. All disaffected persons were silenced or arrested, prisoners of war were treated as criminals, and every obstacle to complete subjugation to the will of the conqueror sought to be removed. The state government was represented by a provisional governor; a state convention that adjourned its sessions from year to year, after dallying periodically with the subject of the emancipation of the slaves, finally passed an ordinance for that purpose, to take effect in 1870. This was not immediate emancipation, so the disturbances were kept up in the state until, at a session of the legislature in February, 1864, a bill was passed for a so-called state convention to revise the state constitution, and the election of delegates in November. It is remarkable how much the orders of the commanding general now contained relative to disorderly persons. This was preparatory to the occupation of the polls by the military force, and the exclusion of all opposition voters. The delegates were elected, and the so-called convention assembled on January 6, 1865. An immediate emancipation ordinance was passed, and the state organization was subjugated to do the will of the usurper and to disregard the will of the sovereign people.

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