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Chapter 44:

  • Subjugation of the Northern States
  • -- humiliating spectacle of New York -- ‘Ringing of a little Bell’ -- seizure and imprisonment of citizens -- paper safeguards of liberty -- other safeguards -- suspension of the writ of habeas corpus absolutely forbidden with one exception -- abundant Protective provisions in New York, but all failed -- case of Pierce Butler -- arrest of Secretary Cameron -- the President Assumes Responsibiliy for the crime -- no Heed given to writ issued by the Court -- the governor passive -- words of Justice Nelson -- prison Overflowing -- how relieved -- oath required of Applicants for relief -- oath declined by some-order forbidding employment of counsel by prisoners -- victims in almost every Northern state -- defeat at the elections result -- suit for damages commenced -- Congress Interferes to protect the guilty -- state courts subjugated -- Congress Violates the Constitution -- what was New York? -- writ suspended throughout the United States -- correspondence between General Dix and governor Seymour -- seizure of newspapers -- governor orders arrest of offenders -- interference with the state election -- vote of the soldiers -- state agents arrested. Provost marshals appointed in every Northern state -- their duties -- trials by military commission -- trials at Washington -- assassination of the President -- trial of Henry Wirz -- efforts to Implicate the author -- investigation of a Committee of Congress as to complicity in the assassination -- arrest, trial and banishment of Clement C. Vallandigham -- assertions of governor Seymour on the case.


Now follows the humiliating spectacle of the subjugation of the state government of New York—the Empire State, as she calls herself —where, with all her men and treasures, it might have been supposed that some stanch defenders of constitutional liberty would have sprung up. On the contrary, under the pretext of ‘preserving the Union,’ her deluded children aided to destroy the Constitution on which the Union was founded, and put forth all their strength to exalt the government of the United States to supremacy. Thus the states were brought to a

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