communication between them and the outer world had been denied them, and no friend has been allowed to see them.
The undersigned complained to the acting superintendent, who seemed humanely disposed, but justified his course by the prison rules and the instructions of his superiors.
The commissioners further say:
From the best investigation the undersigned have been able to make, though there may have been irregularities, they have found no evidence that any frauds, either against any elector or the elective franchise, have been committed by any person connected with the New York agency.
The commissioners then addressed a communication to the Secretary of War
A few extracts from this communication will show how utter was the subversion of the authority of the government of the state of New York
They, North, Cohn, and Jones, were not in the military or naval service of the United States, and by no law of which we are aware were they subject to the martial and military laws of the United States, or to the orders of the War Department. . . . The charges, so far as we can learn, are not for the violation of any law of the United States, but relate to acts purporting to have been done under the law of the State of New York concerning elections, and making provisions for soldiers voting in that State; it being claimed that certain irregularities have intervened which give reason to suspect that frauds and forgeries are intended, and may be consummated.
These suspected and anticipated frauds have respect solely to the election laws of the State of New York, and the action of the Government in making the arrest is claimed to be justified upon the ground that, unless thus prevented, frauds will be perpetrated against the ballot-box at the approaching election in the State of New York.
We beg leave, in behalf of the State, respectfully to protest against this jurisdiction, assumed as well over the alleged offense as over the persons of the accused, who are citizens of the State, in its employ, and entitled to its protection.
The proper business of the State agency is greatly interfered with by the arrest and detention of the agents, and the State is deprived of its proper jurisdiction over its agents and citizens, over offenses against its laws, and over its own ballot-box and the exercise of the elective franchise within its limits.
The demands made by the state of New York
through these commissioners were refused.
The persons arrested were finally tried before a military commission, clearly without jurisdiction, in violation of their personal rights, and in usurpation of the just powers of the state.
They were, however, acquitted and discharged, glad to get off no worse.
The proposed limits will not permit me further to present the details relative to the subjugation of the state government of New York by the government of the United States
Neither can space be spared to relate the details of the subjugation of the government of each Northern state.
In many the events were similar to those in New York; in others they arose under dissimilar circumstances; in all, the sovereignty of the