while his purpose, if the Federal army did not attack, that we should prepare and take the initiative ourselves, was never carried out.1 On the morning of May 2, 1864, General Johnston discovered that the enemy, under the command of General Sherman, was advancing against him, and two days subsequently it was reported that he had reached Ringgold (about fifteen miles north of Dalton) in considerable force. At this date the official returns show that the effective strength of the Army of Tennessee, counting the troops actually in position at Dalton and those in the immediate rear of that place, was about fifty thousand. When to these is added General Polk's command (then en route), the advance of which joined him at Resaca, the effective strength of General Johnston's army was not less than 68,620 men of all arms, excluding from the estimate the thousands of men employed on extra duty, amounting, as General Hood states, to ten thousand when he assumed command of the army.
|Army at Dalton, May 1, 1864, according to General Johnston's estimates 2|| 37,652 infantry.
|Mercer's brigade, joined May 2d||2,000 infantry.|
|Thirty-seventh Mississippi Regiment, en route||400 infantry|
|Dibrell's and Harrison's brigades in rear, recruiting their horses||2,336 cavalry.|
|Martin's division at Cartersville||1,700 cavalry|