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[466] while his purpose, if the Federal army did not attack, that we should prepare and take the initiative ourselves, was never carried out.1

On the morning of May 2, 1864, General Johnston discovered that the enemy, under the command of General Sherman, was advancing against him, and two days subsequently it was reported that he had reached Ringgold (about fifteen miles north of Dalton) in considerable force.

At this date the official returns show that the effective strength of the Army of Tennessee, counting the troops actually in position at Dalton and those in the immediate rear of that place, was about fifty thousand. When to these is added General Polk's command (then en route), the advance of which joined him at Resaca, the effective strength of General Johnston's army was not less than 68,620 men of all arms, excluding from the estimate the thousands of men employed on extra duty, amounting, as General Hood states, to ten thousand when he assumed command of the army.

Army at Dalton, May 1, 1864, according to General Johnston's estimates 2 37,652 infantry.
2,812 artillery.
2,392 cavalry.
Mercer's brigade, joined May 2d 2,000 infantry.
Thirty-seventh Mississippi Regiment, en route 400   infantry
Dibrell's and Harrison's brigades in rear, recruiting their horses 2,336 cavalry.
Martin's division at Cartersville 1,700   cavalry
———
49,292
Polk's command 19,330
———
Total effective 68,620

To enable General Johnston to repulse the hostile advance and assume the offensive, no effort was spared on the part of the government. Almost all the available military strength of the south and west, in men and supplies, was pressed forward and placed at his disposal. The supplies of the commissary, quartermaster, and ordnance departments of his army were represented as ample and suitably located. The troops,

1 It was during this time, i.e., in March and April, 1864, that Forrest made his extraordinary expedition from north Mississippi across Tennessee to Paducah, Kentucky, and continued his operations against depots of supplies, lines of communication, and troops moving to reenforce Sherman—having, on June 11th, a severe action in Tishomingo with a force estimated at eight or nine thousand, supposed to be on their way to join Sherman. The energy, strategy, and high purposes of Forrest, during all this period, certainly entitle him to higher military rank than that of a partisan, and enroll him in the list of great cavalry commanders. Some of his other expeditions are mentioned elsewhere in these pages.

2 Narrative, p. 302.

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