Thus closed the conference, and all negotiations with the government of the United States
for the establishment of peace.
Says Judge Campbell
, in his memoranda:
In conclusion, Mr. Hunter summed up what seemed to be the result of the interview: that there could be no arrangements by treaty between the Confederate States and the United States, or any agreements between them; that there was nothing left for them but unconditional submission.
By reference to the message of President Lincoln
of December 6, 1864, which is mentioned in the report, it appears that the terms of peace therein stated were as follows:
In presenting the abandonment of armed resistance to the national authority on the part of the insurgents, as the only indispensable condition to ending the war on the part of the Government, I retract nothing heretofore said as to slavery.
I repeat the declaration made a year ago, that ‘while I remain in my present position I shall not attempt to retract or modify the emancipation proclamation, nor shall I return to slavery any person who is free by the terms of that proclamation, or by any act of Congress.’
If the people should, by whatever mode or means, make it an executive duty to reenslave such persons, another, and not I, must be their instrument to perform it.
On March 4, 1861, President Lincoln
appeared on the western portico of the Capitol
, and in the presence of a great multitude of witnesses took the following oath:
I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the