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[582] evident wish was to stop the further shedding of blood; that of his successors, like Sherman's, was to extract all which it was possible to obtain. From the memoranda of the interview between Lincoln and Sherman it is clearly to be inferred that, but for the untimely death of Lincoln, the agreement between Generals Sherman and Johnston would have been ratified; the wounds inflicted on civil liberty by the ‘reconstruction’ measures might not have left their shameful scars on the United States.

General Sherman, in his Memoirs,1 referring to a conversation between himself and General Johnston at their first meeting, writes:

I told him I could not believe that he or General Lee, or the officers of the Confederate army, could possibly be privy to acts of assassination, but I would not say as much for Jeff Davis, George Saunders, and men of that stripe.

On this I have but two remarks to make: first, that I think there were few officers in the Confederate army who would have permitted such a slanderous imputation to be made by a public enemy against the chief executive of their government; second, that I could not value the good opinion of the man who, in regard to the burning of Columbia, made a false charge against General Wade Hampton, and, having left it to circulate freely for ten years, then in his published memoirs makes this disgraceful admission:

In my official report of this conflagration, I distinctly charged it to General Wade Hampton, and confess I did so pointedly, to shake the faith of his people in him. . . . Memorandum, or basis of agreement, made this 18th day of April, A. D. 1865, near Durham Station, and in the State of North Carolina, by and between

General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate army, and Major-

General W. T. Sherman, commanding the army of the United States in North

Carolina, both present:

1. The contending armies now in the field to maintain their status quo, until notice is given by the commanding General of either one to its opponents, and reasonable time, say forty-eight hours, allowed.

2. The Confederate armies now in existence to be disbanded and conducted to the several State capitals, there to deposit their arms and public property in the State Arsenal, and each officer and man to execute and file an agreement to cease from acts of war, and abide the action of both Federal and State authorities. The number of arms and munitions of war to be reported to the chief of ordnance at Washington City, subject to future action of the Congress of the United States, and in the mean time to be used solely to maintain peace and order within the borders of the States respectively.

3. The recognition by the Executive of the United States of the several State governments, on their officers and Legislatures taking the oath prescribed by the Constitution of the United States; and, where conflicting State governments


1 Vol. II, p. 349.

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