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Chapter LVI

  • Final subjugation of the Confederate States
  • -- result of the contest -- a simple process of restoration -- rejected by the United States government -- a forced Union -- the President's proclamation examined -- the guarantee, not to destroy -- provisional governors -- their duties -- voters -- first movement made in Virginia -- government set up -- proceedings -- -action of so-called legislature -- constitutional amendment -- case of Dr. Watson -- civil rights Bill -- storm brewing -- Congress Refuses to admit Senators and Representatives to seats -- Committee on ‘Reconstruction’ -- Freedmen's Bureau -- report of Committee -- fourteenth amendment to the Constitution -- extent of ratification -- military commanders appointed over Confederate States -- course of proceedings required -- two governments for each state -- Major Generals appointed -- further acts of Congress -- proceedings commenced by the Major-General at Richmond -- civil governor appointed -- military districts and sub-districts -- registration -- so-called state convention -- so-called legislature -- measures required by Congress for the Enfranchisement of negroes adopted by the so-called legislature -- state represented in Congress.

when the Confederate soldiers laid down their arms and went home, all hostilities against the power of the government of the United States ceased. The powers delegated in the compact of 1787 by these states, i.e., by the people thereof, to a central organization to promote their general welfare, had been used for their devastation and subjugation. It was conceded, as the result of the contest, that the United States government was stronger in resources than the Confederate government, and that the Confederate states had not achieved their independence.

Nothing remained to be done but for the sovereigns, the people of each state, to assert their authority and restore order. If the principle of the sovereignty of the people, the corner stone of all institutions, had survived and was still in force, it was necessary only that the people of each state should reconsider their ordinances of secession, and again recognize the Constitution of the United States as the

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