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[618] Thirty-ninth Congress, and known as Article XIV, and when said article shall have become to a part of the Constitution of the United States, said State shall be declared entitled to representation in Congress, and Senators and Representatives shall be admitted therefrom on their taking the oath prescribed by law, and then and thereafter the preceding sections of this act shall be inoperative in said State. . . .

The bill became a law, notwithstanding the veto of the President.

On March 4th a new Congress commenced its session, and on March 23d a supplement to the preceding act was passed. It ordered a registration to be made of the qualified voters in each military subdistrict of the state, an election to be held for the state convention to draft a constitution for the state, and for delegates to such convention; that such constitution should be submitted to the voters for adoption or rejection, and upon its adoption a state government should be organized, and so on. The registration was required to be made of all citizens as defined by the ‘act to protect all persons in the United States in their civil rights.’ Many disqualifications of voters, arising from participation in the war, were also expressed. This act also became a law, notwithstanding the objections of the President.

It will be seen that this act contemplated two distinct governments in each of the ten states—the one military and the other civil. Both were provisional, and both were to continue until the new state constitution was framed, and the state was admitted to representation in Congress. The two were to be carried on together, and the people were made subject to both and obliged to obey both. The law was next put in operation by constituting the districts, as follows: 1. Virginia, commander, Major General Schofield; 2. North Carolina and South Carolina, commander, Major General Sickles; 3. Georgia, Florida, and Alabama, commander, Major General John Pope; 4. Mississippi and Arkansas, commander, Major General Ord; 5. Louisiana and Texas, commander, Major General Sheridan.

Previous to adjournment, on July 19, 1867, Congress passed an additional supplement to the act of March 2d and the supplement of March 23d. It declared the intent and meaning of the previous acts to have been: that the civil governments of the ten states were not legal governments, and if continued were to be subject in all respects to the military commanders and the paramount authority of Congress. It made the acts of the military commanders subject only to the disapproval of the General of the Army, U. S. Grant, and authorized them to remove any person from office under the state government. It further defined the classes disfranchised, and directed that no district commander

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