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[622]
section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

On the passage of the amendment by the United States Senate, Senator Garrett Davis of Kentucky said:

Sir, your amendments to the Constitution are all void; they are of no effect. They were proposed by a mutilated Congress; they were proposed by a mutilated House of Representatives and Senate.

The election in Virginia took place on July 6, 1869. The vote on the constitution was, for it, 206,233; against it, 9,189. For the disfranchising clause, 84,404; against it, 124,361. In favor of the test-oath clause, the votes were, 83,114; against it, 124,106. State officers and a legislature were chosen.

Meantime the civil or provisional governor had been removed by the military commander, Major General Stoneman, and the commander of the first district put in the vacancy. At the same time the presidentjudge of the Supreme Court of Appeals was a staff-officer of the general commanding, and assigned to that duty; another one of the judges of that court was an officer of the Federal army, receiving his appointment from the same source.

On October 5th the legislature assembled, the state officers-elect having already entered upon their duties. The fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the United States Constitution were adopted, and Senators elected to Congress. On January 26, 1870, a bill for the admission of the state into the Union, ‘without further condition,’ was passed. Her subjugation was now completed. The military commanders were withdrawn, and she was left in the hands of ‘carpetbaggers.’


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