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[631] Supreme Court, and while at Washington issued an address to the people of the state, urging them to take no action under the laws. He was called upon to make an explanation on his return by General Pope, as parts of the address were declared in violation of the military order of the latter. But as the so-called governor had not seen the order, his offense was excused. A mayor and alderman for Augusta were appointed by General Pope, as well as the sheriff and deputy for Bartow County, and other officers.

An order was issued that jurors should be selected from the list of qualified voters. Judge Reese of Ocmulgee District wrote to General Pope, declaring that, under his oath to sustain the laws, he could not conform to the order. General Pope replied with an attempt to show him that he owed allegiance, first of all, to the authority of the United States, as represented by the military power in the state. The argument was of no avail, and the judge was prohibited from holding court.

The registration of votes was completed early in September. The number registered was 188,647, and the whites had a majority of about 2,000. The election of delegates to the state convention took place from October 29th to November 3d. Of the delegates, 133 were whites and 33 blacks. The convention assembled on December 13th, and soon adjourned to January 8, 1868. Meantime Major General Meade had relieved General Pope as military commander. The convention, before this adjournment, ordered the comptroller to levy a tax to pay its expenses, and directed the state treasurer to advance forty thousand dollars for its pay and mileage. The ordinance was sent to the treasurer, endorsed with instructions from General Pope to pay. The treasurer refused to advance the money, as he was prohibited by the Constitution to do so, except on the warrant of the governor. General Meade requested the governor to issue the warrant. He replied that the Constitution forbade any money to be drawn from the treasury except on an oppropriation, whereupon General Meade removed both officers, and appointed others.

The provisions required by the acts of Congress were adopted in the so-called new Constitution. At the same time certain provisions were inserted which were intended to afford relief to the people. The convention therefore, by resolution, requested General Meade to require the courts to enforce them ‘until the state was restored to its regular relations with the United States, and the state organization was in full force.’ An order was therefore issued by the general, requiring the courts and officers of the state government to enforce the provisions in

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