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[639] General Grant replied:
I would advise that no removals of Governors of States be made at present. It is a question now under consideration whether the power exists, under the law, to remove, except by special act of Congress, or by trial under the sixth section of the act promulgated in Orders 33 (act of March 2d).

On June 3d Major General Sheridan issued an order removing the so-called governor, saying that, ‘having made himself an impediment to the faithful execution of the act of Congress on March 2d, by directly and indirectly impeding the General in command in the faithful execution of the law,’ and so on, Benjamin F. Flanders was appointed to fill the vacancy.

The registration ceased on July 31st, with the names of 44,732 whites and 82,907 blacks. Extensive removals from office were now made— among others, twenty-two members of the city council of New Orleans, also the city treasurer and city surveyor, a justice of peace, and the sheriff. On August 17th Major General Sheridan was relieved, and Major General Hancock succeeded. ‘Impediments to reconstruction under the laws of Congress’ continued to be removed, and other persons assigned to their places.

The election for delegates to the so-called convention was held on September 27th and 28th, and that body assembled on November 23d. The measures required by the act of Congress were adopted, and an election for its ratification and for state officers, and a legislature, was held on April 17th and 18th. The constitution was ratified, and the state officers and members of the legislature were elected. Meantime Major General Hancock was relieved, and succeeded by Major General Buchanan.

After the election the registrars of the state proposed to install the newly-elected officers under the provisions of an ordinance of the convention. But they were notified by Major General Buchanan that it could not be done without permission. To avoid any question as to the persons who should hold the offices of so-called governor and lieutenant governor after the meeting of the legislature, the district commander was directed by General Grant to remove the former incumbents by military order and set up the individuals lately elected as their successors. This was done on June 27th, and on the 29th the so-called legislature assembled in pursuance of a notice from the commanding general. The fourteenth amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted; as by the act of Congress of June 25th, Louisiana had been restored to representation in that body, the commanding general,

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