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[642] The debt of the ten Confederate states in 1874 was as follows:

Virginia, funded and unfunded $45,718,119.73
North Carolina 38,921,848.05
South Carolina 9,866,627.35
Florida 1,620,809.27
Georgia .............................. $8,105,500 funded
8,000,000 fraudulent16,105,500.00
Alabama . $10,452,593.30
15,051,000.00 railroad endorsement 15,503,593.30
Mississippi 3,558,629.24
Louisiana 23,933,407.90
Texas 4,012,421.00

It is not claimed that all this amount of indebtedness had been accumulated since the close of the war. Some of the states had debts previous to the war, but a large proportion of the amount had been contracted by the spendthrift governments instituted by Congress, and very little could be found to offset the expenditure.

Again, in Arkansas, on April 16th, Governor Brooks seized and occupied the State House with a body of armed men and two cannon. On the same day, Governor Baxter proclaimed martial law, and marched with a body of armed men from St. John's College to the Anthony House, where he established his headquarters. Guards were placed along the principal streets, and the State House was completely surrounded by a cordon of sentinels. Subsequently, he marched to attack the State House, but a body of troops belonging to the government of the United States appeared before it. Two so-called Republican governors of the state, with their troops, were about to fight for the executive office.

In Louisiana, on January 4, 1875, a body of troops of the government of the United States, on the order of Governor W. P. Kellogg, marched into the hall of the House of Representatives of the state legislature, while that body was in session, and forcibly seized and took out five members as not entitled to seats. The general in command (De Trobriand) then proceeded to eject the clerk, and arrested the proceedings of the House. When expostulated with by the Speaker, he replied: ‘I am but a soldier. These are my orders.’ The members then retired.

In Mississippi, on December 7, 1874, a serious conflict occurred in Vicksburg between whites and blacks, which resulted in great loss of

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