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[451]

Army of Tenn., Gen. Bragg, Sept. 19--20, 1863

corpsDIVISIONSBRIGADESBATTERIES
Res. Div.JohnsonGregg, McNair, Fulton2
LongstreetMcLawsKershaw, Humphreys, Wofford,1 Bryan2
HoodLaw, Robertson, Benning, Jenkins,3 Anderson4
Res. Arty.BatteriesWilliams, 4; Robertson, 5; Alexander, 659
Total Inf. and Arty., 33 Brigades, 174 Guns. Effective total 52,066
WheelerWhartonO'Rews, Harrison1
CavalryMartinMorgan, Russell1
ForrestArmstrongWheeler, Dibbfell2
CavalryPegramDavidson, Scott2
Total Cavalry, 8 Brigades, 24 Guns. Effective total, 14,260

Unlike the armies in Va., which had never considered themselves defeated, our Western army had never gained a decided victory. Naturally, therefore, Lee enjoyed both the affection and confidence of his men, while there was an absence of much sentiment toward Bragg. It did not, however, at all affect the quality of the fighting, as shown by the casualties suffered at Chickamauga, which were 25 per cent by the Confederates in killed and wounded, exclusive of the missing.

Neither in armament, equipment, or organization was the Western army in even nearly as good shape as the Army of Northern Virginia. About one-third of the infantry was still armed only with the smooth-bore musket, calibre .69. Only a few batteries of the artillery were formed into battalions, and their ammunition was all of inferior quality.

Much has been said in the accounts of prior battles of the insufficient and unskilled staff service in the Army of Northern Virginia, even after many active campaigns. The Western armies generally had had far less opportunities to learn from

1 Names in italics arrived too late for the battle.

2 Names in italics arrived too late for the battle.

3 Names in italics arrived too late for the battle.

4 Names in italics arrived too late for the battle.

5 Names in italics arrived too late for the battle.

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Wheeler (2)
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Bragg (2)
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Seth Williams (1)
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Scott (1)
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W. H. F. Lee (1)
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September 19th (1)
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