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‘ [358] unequaled. It gives me as much pleasure to record this in your favor as it would in favor of any living man, myself included.’

To this Sherman replied, September 20: ‘In the meantime, know that I admire your dogged perseverance and pluck more than ever.’

There has been much learned discussion of the relative merits of McClellan's, Grant's, and other plans for the ‘capture of Richmond,’ as if that was the object of the campaign. In fact, though the capture of Richmond at any time during the war would have produced some moral effect injurious to the rebellion and beneficial to the Union in public opinion, it would have been a real injury to the Union cause in a military sense, because it would have given us one more important place to garrison, and have increased the length of our line of supplies, always liable to be broken by the enemy's cavalry.

The worst form of operations in such a war is ‘territorial’ strategy, or that which aims at the capture and occupation of territory as a primary object. The best is that which aims at the destruction or capture of the opposing armies as the first and only important object. Grant at Donelson, Vicksburg, and in Virginia best illustrated this kind of strategy.

Halleck was probably the chief of the ‘territorial’ strategists of our Civil War period. In the winter of 1861– 1862 the counties of north Missouri bordering on the Missouri River were infested with guerrillas. Halleck sent Pope, with a force of all arms amounting to a considerable army, to ‘clear them out.’ Pope marched in triumph from one end of that tier of counties to the other, and Halleck then informed me with evident satisfaction that north Missouri was cleared of rebels, and that the war was ended in that part of the State! In fact, the guerrillas, ‘flushed’ like a flock of quail by Pope's advance-guard, had taken to the bush until the rear-guard had

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