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Chapter XXII

  • Differences between the commanding General of the army and the War Department
  • -- General Grant's special powers -- his appointment as Secretary of War ad interim -- the impeachment of President Johnson -- memorandum of interviews with William M. Evarts and General Grant in regard to the secretaryship of War -- failure of the impeachment trial -- harmony in the War Department -- a New policy at army headquarters.


during nearly the entire history of the government of the United States the relations between the general-in-chief, or nominal commanding general of the army, and the War Department have been the cause of discord, sometimes descending to bitter personal controversy, and in a few instances leading to very serious results.

The differences between General Scott and the Secretary became so serious that the general removed his headquarters from Washington to New York, and remained away from the capital several years, until the time when civil war was imminent. General Sherman also found it necessary to escape from an intolerable situation by removing to St. Louis, and did not return to Washington until the condition of the War Department led to the impeachment of the Secretary of War. During their long absence from the capital neither of these generals could exercise any appreciable influence over either the administration or the command of the army. It is thought to be worthy of note that during

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U. S. Grant (2)
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