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[412] first to either removal or suspension, mainly for fear that an objectionable appointment might be made in Stanton's place.1 But those two objections being removed by Johnson's tender of the appointment to Grant himself, vice Stanton suspended instead of removed, General Grant gave his full countenance and support to President Johnson in the suspension of Mr. Stanton, with a view on the part of the President to his ultimate removal, either with the concurrence of the Senate or through a judicial decision that the Tenure-of-Office Act was, as Johnson claimed, unconstitutional.2

On August 12, 1867, Grant himself accepted the appointment of Secretary of War ad interim, and informed Stanton that he had done so. Stanton denied the right of the President to suspend him without the consent of the Senate, but wrote to the President, and to the same effect to General Grant: ‘But inasmuch as the general commanding the armies of the United States has been appointed ad interim, and has notified me that he has accepted the appointment, I have no alternative but to submit, under protest, to superior force.’3

In 1866, 1867, and 1868 General Grant talked to me freely several times of his differences with Secretary Stanton. His most emphatic declaration on that subject, and of his own intended action in consequence, appears from the records to have been made after Stanton's return to the War Office in January, 1868, when his conduct was even more offensive to Grant than it had been before Stanton's suspension in August, 1867, and when Grant and Sherman were trying to get Stanton out of the War Office.4 At the time of General Grant's visit

1 See General Grant's letter to President Andrew Johnson, February 3, 1868, in McPherson's ‘History of Reconstruction,’ p. 286.

2 Sherman's ‘Memoirs,’ second edition, Vol. II, p. 241; and McPherson's ‘History of Reconstruction,’ pp. 282-293.

3 McPherson's ‘History of Reconstruction,’ pp. 261, 262.

4 Sherman's ‘Memoirs,’ second edition, Vol. II, pp. 422-424.

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