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[551]

Carlin, Maj.-Gen. William P., friendship for S. at West Point, 3; (colonel) commanding at Pilot Knob, 51; action at Fredericktown, Mo., 51-53

Carlotta, Empress of Mexico, 393

Carney, Thomas, governor of Kansas, asks for court of inquiry, 78, 79; Kansas-Missouri troubles, 79-83; correspondence with S., Aug. 28-29, 1863, 79, 80, 82; Senatorial aspirations, 80; hostility to Gen. Ewing, 80, 81; interviews with S., 80, 82

Carpet-bag government, 354, 376, 396, 397, 402, 403. See also reconstruction.

Cartersville, Ga., Sherman at, 315

Carthage, Mo., Sigel retreats before superior force at, 38

Cassville Road, Mo., military operations on, 38

Caution, distinguished from cowardice, 141

Cedartown, Ga., Hood's movement via, 316

Central Pacific Railroad, the, a trip over, 430

Centreville, Tenn., proposal to obstruct roads at, 211

Chalmers, Brig.-Gen. James R., battle of Nashville, 264

Chambliss, John R., S.'s room-mate at West Point, 3

Chance in war, 234

‘Charcoals,’ in Missouri, 72, 87, 90

Charleston, S. C., S. at, 17, 21, 26; an ‘affair of honor’ in, 21, 22; Sherman's march to, 316, 318, 333, 337; Sherman proposes to destroy, 317

Charlotte, N. C., proposed route for Sherman via, 338, 339

Chase, Salmon P., Presidential intrigues for, in Missouri, 77; letter to S., May 7, 1865, 373, 376; views on reconstruction, 373-376

Chattahoochee River, the, military movements on, 231, 341; Sherman proposes to march to its mouth, 316

Chattanooga, Tenn., battle of, 114; opening of communication with Nashville, 114; Thomas at, 115; S. ordered to, 161; threatened by Hood, 161, 163, 318; Federal possession of, 193-197; force of railroad guards, convalescents, etc., at, 195-197, 204,205; strategic importance of, 260; dedication of the field of, 297; as base of supplies for Sherman, 304, 320, 321; breaking the railroads near, 316-318; Thomas to hold, 317, 319; possible siege of, 319, 321, 322; cutting through the South at, 337

Chattanooga Valley, Hood's escape through, 161, 162

Chattooga Valley, proposed movement by Sherman in, 308

Chicago, Ill., becomes a military center, 425; Sheridan removes headquarters from St. Louis to, 425; S.'s headquarters at, 453-455; railroad strikes at, 454; its importance, 454, 455; military protection for, 454, 455; establishment of Fort Sheridan, 454, 455; Sheridan's services to, 455; the labor riots of 1894, 493 et seq.

Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Rail-road, riots on the, 498, 499, 501

Chicago River, defense of, 454

Chickamauga, Ga., dedication of the field of, 297

Chief of staff, the office of, 410

Chile, threatened war with, 489, 490

China, violation of treaty between the United States and, 509

Chinese laborers, massacre of, in Wyoming, 509

Cincinnati, O., S. ordered to purchase arms at, 48; S. at, 345

Cipher code, the, 232, 233

Cipher despatches, the art of deciphering, 233. See also military telegrams, etc. Citizenship, necessity of training for, 356; the duties of, in time of war, 539, 540

Citizen soldiery, a, 366

City Point, Va., Sherman's visit to Grant at, 347, 348

Civilians, the military arm obstructed by, 169

Civil war, the horrors of, 364, 365

Civil War, the, approach of, 30-32; the compound questions of Union and slavery in, 94, 95; true tactics and strategy of, 146, 336; responsibility for, 229; its inception and fruits, 229, 230; slavery as a factor, 235; financial difficulties, 255, 314, 315, 383, 529-532; evil influences at work in, 364; the greatest wonder of, 386, 387; the lessons of, 513 et seq.; unnecessary prolongation of, 515; the real objectives in, 517; the selection of commanders in, 517; necessity of military unity in, 517; its delays, 525; the financial lesson of, 529-534

Clarksville, Tenn., scheme to draw Hood toward, 211

Claybanks,’ in Missouri, 72, 87, 91

Cleveland, Tenn., S. at, 161

Cleveland, Grover, the War Department under his administration, 423; restores Fitz-John Porter to the army, 460; assigns S. to the command of the army, 468; S. submits scheme of War Department reform to, 480; action and orders in the labor riots of 1894, 494, 495, 497, 500-503, 506;, 507; orders S. to suppress

Chinese massacres, 509

Clinton, Mo., military movements at, 37

Cogswell, Milton, inspecting officer at West Point, 13, 14

Coinage, the right of, 533

Colorado, S. purchases a ranch in, 426; obstruction of railroads in, 509, 510, 512

Colored troops, the enlistment of, 90, 92, 99

Columbia, S. C., Sherman's march to, 327, 338, 339

Columbia, Tenn., Federal movements at and near, operations for defense, and battle of, 160, 166-168, 175, 193-197, 201-204, 207, 216, 217, 222, 252, 254, 258, 282, 289, 290; Hood's movements on and near, strength, etc., 168, 170, 172, 194-197, 201 et seq., 206, 218, 219, 230, 252, 254, 258, 282, 290, 300, 301; possibilities of Thomas moving against Hood from, 194-197; Thomas's purpose to fight Hood at, 195-197, 201; Hood held in check at, 252, 254, 301; Thomas's promises of reinforcements at, 282; possibilities of Hood's success at, 300

Columbia and Franklin Turnpike, held by S., 208

Columbia River, a trip on the, 430

Columbia Turnpike, military movements on the, 173-175

Columbus, Miss., Thomas to move toward, 317

Commercial Club, Chicago, pledges money for Fort Sheridan, 454, 455

Committee on Conduct of the War, investigation of battle of Wilson's Creek, 39, 40

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