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[571] 348; ambition to share in capture of Richmond, 347; his movements auxiliary to those of Grant and Thomas, 348; attacks on his integrity, 349, 350; as a politician, 355; contrasted with Grant, 357; Halleck's attitude toward, 360, 361; impulsiveness, 362; calmness under stress, 362; controversies with the War Department, 406, 407, 412, 421, 422, 443, 469, 471, 478, 479; removes his headquarters from Washington to St. Louis, 406, 469; general-in-chief, 421, 422, 435, 436, 441-444, 447, 449-451, 453, 478, 479; assigns Meade to command the division of the Pacific, 429; attends meeting of Society of Army of Potomac, 429; makes tour of the West with S., 430; action in the Modoc outbreak, 435, 436; offers the superintendency of West Point to S., 439, 440; guarantees S. against interference, 440, 443, 444; speech to Knights of St. Patrick, mentioned, 441 ; restored to chief command, 442; reasons for desiring S. in the east, 442, 443; theory of military administration, 443; repudiates the creation of Division of the Gulf, 447; action and correspondence on the army retirement bill, 449, 481; retires in favor of Sheridan, 449, 453; inspires plan of reform in the War Department, 478, 479; interest in the relations between the President and the general-in-chief, 539; regard for military courtesy, 541; visits to the War Department, 541, 542; visits to the President, 541, 542; life in New York, 542; death and burial, 542

Correspondence with: Grant, U. S., April 4, 1864, 340; Sept. 12, 306, 333; Sept. 20, 306, 315, 333; Oct. 10, 315; Oct. 11, 307, 315-317, 323, 325; Oct. 22, 318, 325; Nov. 1, 310,318, 319,322, 325, 334; Nov. 2, 307,319,321, 325; Nov. 6, 310, 320, 333-335; Nov. 7, 320; Dec. 3, 327; Dec. 6, 327, 332, 333; Dec. 16, 327; Dec. 24, 327, 328, 334: Halleck, Sept. 25, 1864, 333: Schofield, J. M., Oct. 1864, 165; Dec. 28, 252, 254, 255, 326; May 5, 1865, 370; March 28, 1876, 439, 440; March 29, 440; March 30, 440, 441; May 25, 1876, 445, 453; Dec. 13, 1880, 447; Dec. 14, 448; May 3, 1881, 450,451, 453: Thomas, G. H., Oct. 19, 1864, 191; Oct. 20, 317, 318; Oct. 31, 198; Nov. 1, 320; Nov. 7, 199; Nov. 11, 321, 322; Nov. 12, 288, 301

Sherman, Mrs. W. T., 542

Shiloh, Tenn., attitude of Halleck toward Grant before, 361

Shoal Creek, military movements on, 201

Sierra Nevada, a trip across the, 430

Sigel, Col., Franz, commanding Missouri troops, 37, 38; ordered to Springfield, 37, 38; retreats from Newtonia to Springfield, 38; junction with Lyon and Sturgis, 38; battle of Wilson's Creek, 42, 43, 47; Lyon's confidence in, 43; takes over command from Sturgis, 47; protests against Sturgis's reassuming command, 47

Sinclairville, N. Y., Rev. James Schofield's pastorate in, 1

Sioux Indians, threatened outbreak by, 488; battle of Wounded Knee, 488; enlistment of, 489

Sixteenth Kentucky Infantry, in battle of Franklin, 178-180, 229

Slavery, the question in Missouri, 31, 54, 56-58, 71 et seq., 90, 92, 94, 95, 99; as a factor in the Civil War, 74, 235; troubles on the Kansas-Missouri border, 78 et seq.; abolition of, see emancipation; negroes.

Slocum, Maj.-Gen. Henry W., to accompany Sherman to Savannah, 165, 317; proposal that he abandon Atlanta, 307, 308; strength, 308

Smith, Maj.-Gen. Andrew J., forces in Missouri, 164; ordered to reinforce Thomas, and his delays in reaching Nashville, 164, 168, 171, 185, 187, 190-194, 196, 201, 205-208, 211-213, 217, 218, 223, 284, 285, 290, 301, 319, 322, 325, 326; strength, 190, 192; to move to Columbia, 201; proposal to send him to Murfreesboroa, 206; S. asks that he be sent to Spring Hill, 209; S.'s expectations of meeting his force at Franklin, 215; arrives at Nashville, 220, 221, 254; proposed movement to Franklin, 220, 221, 223; proposed movement to Brentwood, 221, 223-225; battle of Nashville, 242-246, 250, 254, 268-270, 272, 291

Smith, Maj.-Gen. C. F., ordered to Pittsburg Landing, 361; the question of precedence over Grant at Shiloh, 361

Snake Creek Gap, military operations at, 125-128

Society of the Army of the Potomac, assembly of, at Philadelphia, 429

Soldier, the value of his life, 182, 183; the duty of a, 425

Soldiers, the spirit of comradeship among, 26; their camp-fires, 473; war service considered in appointments and promotions, 473

South, the, reconstruction in, 353-356, 364, 365 (see also reconstruction); the negro question after emancipation, 367-376; oppression of, during reconstruction days, 395 et seq., 435; disfranchisement of rebels in, 396 et seq. See also Confederate States of America.

South Carolina, the hospitality of, 19;

Sherman's march through, 314, 330, 332, 340, 346-348; advantage of a destructive campaign in, 339

South Chicago, labor riots at, 498

Springfield, Mo., military movements at, 37-41, 43, 46, 47; S. at, 65

Spring Hill, Tenn., Hood's movements and strategy at, apprehensions and possibilities of his success at, 129, 209, 213, 215, 217, 218, 230, 231, 251, 300, 301; battle of, 160, 172, 251, 254, 258, 301; military movements near, 170-174, 176, 177, 184-186, 207, 209, 213-219; trains parked at, 171, 172; Stanley's movements near, and gallant action at, 171, 172, 210, 211, 214-217,228, 230, 279; Forrest driven from, 172; S. moves to, 172, 173, 216; advantages of the day gained at, 185, 186, 219, 301; Ruger ordered to, 210, 211, 214, 215, 219; necessity of heading off Hood at, 213; Ruger's movement to, suspended, 214; covering approaches to, 214, 216; S.'s expectations of finding reinforcements at, 215; the situation at, Nov. 29, 1864, 215 et seq.; Cox at, 216; movement to Franklin from, 216; Hammond ordered to, 217; possibilities of Hood's movements against S. at, 230, 231

Spring Place, advantage of forcing Hood through, 162; possibility of Hood's retreat via, 308

Stanley, Maj.-Gen. David S., question of relative rank with S., 124, 156, 157, 160, 161,199; S. ordered to report to, 149,156;

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