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[576] prejudice in the army against non-graduates of, 535

United States Navy, the maintenance of the, 366; the formation of a new, 484; national defense by, 484, 527, 528; its functions, 527, 528

United States Senate, S. misrepresented before, 63, 64, 66; Gov. Carney's aspirations to sit in, 80; hinders S.'s confirmation as major-general, 109, 110; end of S.'s difficulties with, 117 ; impeachment of Pres. Johnson, 404, 414-419; confirms S.'s appointment as Secretary of War, 401; S.'s nomination as Secretary of War before, 414-419; the Fitz-John Porter case before, 465

United States Treasury, the, depleted condition during the war, 255, 314, 315, 383, 529-532; restrictions on Southern trade, 373; War Department versus, 482, 483; anecdote of Pies. Grant and, 483

United States Volunteers. See Volunteers.

Utah, Territory of, obstruction of rail-roads in, 512

V

Valley Head, Ga., S. moves to, 161,162

Values, the law of, 533, 534

Vancouver Barracks, Wash., Gen. Otis commanding at, 510, 511

Vaughan, Maj., 99

Vera Cruz, Mex., French bombardment and capture of, 388

Veterans, difference between volunteers and, 142; the example of, 522

Vicksburg, Miss., S. seeks service at, 64-66; S. sends reinforcements to Grant at, 64, 90, 98, 110, 233; fall of, 70; importance of the capture of, 70, 71; results of disbanding the rebel army at, 77; proposed movement against the Mobile and Ohio Railroad from, 199; Grant before, 232, 233; Grant's strategy at, 358

Vincent, —, S.'s room-mate at West Point, 14

Virginia, hospitality in, 26; Longstreet prepares to move toward, 115; Longstreet joins Lee in, 116; S. seeks service in, 253, 255; Stoneman's campaign in southwest, 254; surrender of Lee, 261, 262; S.'s administration during reconstruction, 276, 397-404, 418, 543; proposed movement for Sherman to, 333, 334, 337; cutting off Confederate supplies from, 347; Grant's strategy in, 358; reconstruction in, 370, 394-404, 434; under control of the Freedmen's Bureau and the provisional government, 394; the Fourteenth Amendment in, 394 et seq.; the provisional government in, 401; the Constitutional Convention, 397, 400-402; adoption of the Constitution, 402; proposal that S., become U. S. Senator from, 434

Vogle, John C., member of anti-Schofield committee from St. Louis to Washington, 58, 59

Volunteers, difficulties of untrained officers of, 18; difference between veterans and, 142; discipline among, 182; dangers of an improvised staff of, 217; Gen. Scott's distrust of, 513; mistaken policy as to commands in, 514

Volunteer soldiery, a, 366

Von Moltke. See Moltke.

W

Wade, Benjamin F., President of the Senate, 414

Wagner, Brig.-Gen. George D., movement against Hood before Columbia, 168; battle of Franklin, 175, 176, 178, 180, 181, 225

Wales, Prince of, S. presented to the, 393

Walker, Edwin, special U. S. counsel in Chicago, 497

Walker, Henry H., room-mate at West Point, 3

Walker, Rear-Adm., on the relative functions of the army and navy, 527

War, the evils of leaving anything to chance in, 8, 234; the duty of a commander in, 234; Sherman's theory of, 317; the art of, 407 et seq.; science in the art of, 457-460; maxims of, 482; preparation for, 519 et seq.; economical, 519; the duties of citizenship in time of, 539, 540

War Department, the, orders S.'s dismissal from the Military Academy, 10, 11; Herron's protest to, 64; receives allegations about arming disloyal persons in Missouri, 104; action in regard to questions of relative rank, 151, 160, 161; the telegraph corps, 169; obstruction of the military arm by, 169; correspondence between Thomas and S. filed at, 188; regulation of cipher despatches, 232; Grant stipulates against interference from, 361, 362; telegram to S., Aug. 19, 1865, 383; quarrel between President and Congress over the, 404; controversies with the general-in-chief, 406 et seq., 468 et seq., 471, 478, 480; corruption in, 407; interference with the conduct of the Civil War, 409 et seq.; its interest and share in the impeachment of Pres. Johnson, 413 et seq.; reforms and attempted reforms in, 421-423, 471, 478 et seq.; investigates the value of the Hawaiian Islands, 431, 432; the Modoc outbreak and, 435, 436; approves scheme of Fort Sheridan, 454; deplorable condition, 468 et seq.; a great lawyer in, 472, 473; an acting Secretary of War, 472-473; an Assistant Secretary of War, 473-475; electric bells in the Secretary's office, 477, 478; the Treasury Department versus, 482, 483; Indian troubles, 488; the relations between the general-in-chief and the, 536-539

War governors, the, 540

War of the Rebellion. See Civil, War.

War party, the Northern, ascendancy of, 312

War Records, unreliability of, 188

Warren, —, suggested service for, 66

Washburne, Emory B., interview between S. and, in St. Louis, 107; misrepresents S. to the President, 107, 108

Washington, D. C., S. goes from West Point to plead his cause at, subsequent summonses to, and visits at, 11, 48, 106-110, 255, 345, 346, 379, 395, 413-418, 494; S. ordered to purchase arms at, 48; deputation from St. Louis to, to ask removal of S., 58, 519; political influence in, 60; political intrigue in, 63, 64, 66; anti-Schofield delegation from Missouri and Kansas goes to, 91, 93-99; return of the radical delegation front, 99; nervousness in, over delays at Nashville, 236 et seq.; excitement in, on Lincoln's, assassination, 349; possibilities of its capture in 1863, 525; the question of living expenses

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