My impression is that the nature of this quarrel in Missouri
was not fully understood at the time in Washington
, as General Halleck
wrote me that neither of the factions was regarded as really friendly to the President
But my belief is that they were then, as they subsequently proved to be, divided on the Presidential question as well as in State politics; that the conservatives were sincere in their friendship and support of Mr. Lincoln
, and desired his renomination, while the radicals were intriguing for Mr. Chase
or some other more radical man.
This struggle between extreme radicalism and conservatism among the Union
people of Missouri
was long and bitter, but I have nothing to do with its history beyond the period of my command in that department.
It resulted, as is now well known, in the triumph of radicalism in the Republican party, and the consequent final loss of power by that party in the State
Such extremes could not fail to produce a popular revulsion, and it required no great foresight to predict the final result.
The factions in Missouri
gave the military commander trouble enough in 1863; but to that was added the similar and hardly less troublesome party quarrel in Kansas
I cannot give a more accurate account of the complicated situation there than by quoting from my correspondence and journal of that period.
On August 28 I wrote to President Lincoln
In reply to your telegram of the 27th, transmitting copy of one received from two influential citizens of Kansas, I beg leave to state some of the facts connected with the horrible massacre at Lawrence, and also relative to the assaults made upon me by a certain class of influential politicians.
Since the capture of Vicksburg, a considerable portion of the rebel army in the Mississippi valley has disbanded, and large numbers of men have come back to Missouri, many of them doubtless in the hope of being permitted to remain at their