Meteorologist; born in New York, Dec. 3, 1838.
He was graduated at the College of the City of New York in 1857; studied astronomy with Brunnow
at Ann Arbor
, and with Gould
at Cambridge, Mass.
; and, after serving four years in the United States
Coast and Geodetic Survey.
spent two years in study at the Nicholas Central Observatory
at Pulkowa, Russia
In 1868 he became director of the Cincinnati Observatory
, and while there began making daily weather reports to the local Chamber of Commerce.
The value of this work induced the United States government to establish a similar bureau.
He was appointed meteorologist to the United States signal service
(q. v.) in 1871, and in 1879 became meteorologist to the United States weather Bureau
(q. v.). In addition to his duties in this field, he also became editor of the Monthly weather review
of Meteorology in Columbian University, Washington D. C.
, and Lecturer on Meteorology in Johns Hopkins University.