; born in St. Charles county, Mo.
, Aug. 26, 1842; educated at Washington University (St. Louis
). He entered the army in 1861, and served on the staff of Gen. George G. Meade
from the battle of Gettysburg
to the close of the war. In 1863-62 he held the rank of captain; in 1882-86 that of lieutenant-colonel: in 1886-92 that of colonel.
He was president of the board which devised the present drill and firing regulations, and a member of the board which adopted the Krag-Jorgensen rifle.
At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War
he was commissioned a brigadier-general of volunteers, and for the Santiago
campaign was promoted major-general.
In 1899 he was appointed military governor of Cienfuegos, Cuba
On the reorganization of the regular army in February, 1901.
he was appointed one of the new brigadier-generals