Originally a freebooter; subsequently applied to one who delayed legislation by dilatory motions or similar artifices.
with an expedition of armed men sailed from New Orleans, Aug. 3, 1851, and landed near Havana
on the 11th.
Unable to bring about a rise of the people he was obliged to surrender and on Sept. 1, 1851, was garroted at Havana
, who was associated with Lopez
, was also captured and with fifty others was shot at Havana
, Aug. 16, 1851.
led a filibustering expedition into Lower California
in 1853, but was obliged to retreat and surrendered to the United States
authorities of Santiago
He was tried under the neutrality laws and acquitted May 15, 1854.
The next year Walker
was invited to Nicaragua
by one of the local factions.
He landed on the Pacific coast
, May 4, 1855, and defeated the Nicaraguans in a battle at Virgin Bay
, Sept. 1, 1855.
forced his election as President
, but on May 1, 1857, he surrendered to the United States
and was taken to New Orleans.
In November of that year he again invaded Nicaragua
, but was compelled to surrender to the United States
On Aug. 5, 1860, Walker
again landed at Truxillo
, but after short successes was eventually defeated, captured, tried, and shot Oct. 12, 1860.
For many years prior to the American-Spanish War
quite a number of filibustering expeditions were fitted out in the United States
for the purpose of operating on Cuba
The United States government invariably issued official warning against such hostile actions against Spain
, and in a majority of cases intercepted or otherwise prevented the landing of the parties.
The most notable of these actions was that of a party which left in the Cuban warship Virginius
, Oct. 8, 1873, for Cuba
The vessel, under command of Capt. James Fry
, was captured by a Spanish war steamer on the 31st, and the officers and 175 volunteers were taken to Santiago
, where in the following month Captain Fry
and 109 of his associates were shot for piracy.
Through the action of the United States government in organizing a strong naval force Spain
agreed to surrender the Virginius
and the remainder of her crew.
This was done Dec. 16, and while the Virginius
was being convoyed to New York it mysteriously sunk off North Carolina