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Mifflin, Thomas -1800

Military officer; born of Quaker parents, in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1744; was educated in the Philadelphia College; visited Europe in 1765, and, on his return, became a merchant. Having served in the legislature of Pennsylvania, [180]

Thomas Mifflin.

he was chosen a member of the first Continental Congress in 1774; was appointed major of one of the first regiments raised in Philadelphia, and accompanied Washington as aide-de-camp to Cambridge in the summer of 1775. All through the Revolutionary War Mifflin was a faithful and efficient officer, rising to the rank of major-general in 1777. He was eloquent in speech, and was efficient in rousing his countrymen to action when necessary. In this way, traversing Pennsylvania, he caused large numbers of its citizens to flock to the standard of Washington before the attack on the enemy at Trenton. He was quartermaster-general, and, in 1777, was a member of the board of war. Mifflin was one of “Conway's cabal,” a conspiracy to put Gates in the place of Washington. Late in 1782 he was elected to Congress, and was president of that body in the last month of that year, when Washington resigned his commission into their hands. General Mifflin was a delegate to the convention that framed the national Constitution (1787), and was president of the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania (1788-90). He was also president of the convention that framed his State constitution (1790), and was governor of the State from 1791 to 1800. He was very efficient in quelling the Whiskey Insurrection in 1794. He died in Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 20, 1800.

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