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Montcalm, Gozon de St. Veran, Louis Joseph, Marquis de

Military officer; born [250] at the Chateau Candiac, near Nismes, France, Feb. 28, 1712. Well educated, he entered the French army at the age of fourteen years, distinguished himself in Germany in the War of the Austrian Succession, and gained the rank of colonel for his conduct in the disastrous battle of Piacenza, in Italy, in 1746. In 1756 he was appointed to the command of the French troops in Canada, where, in the three campaigns which he conducted, he displayed skill, courage, and humanity. Weakly seconded by his government, he did not accomplish what he might have done. He prepared, with all the means at his command, for the struggle for the supremacy of French dominion in America, in 1759, in which he lost his life. He had

Wolfe and Montcalm's monument.

resolved, he said, “to find his grave under the ruins of the colony,” and such was his fate. The English had spared nothing to make the campaign a decisive one. The final struggle occurred in Quebec, and there, on Sept. 13, 1759, he was mortally wounded, and died the next day. Wolfe, the commander of the English, was mortally wounded at the same time. When Montcalm was told that his death was near, he calmly replied, “So much the better; I shall not live to see the surrender of Quebec.” A fine monument stands on Cape Diamond, at Quebec, erected to the memory of both Montcalm and Wolfe. The skull of Montcalm, with a military coat-collar of blue velvet embroidered with gold lace, is preserved in the Ursuline convent at Quebec. See Quebec; Wolfe, James.

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