; born in Burlington, Vt.
, Sept. 24, 1824; graduated at West Point
in 1846; served in the war against Mexico
, and also in the Florida
war (1856-58); and became captain of artillery in 1860.
He was in Fort Sumter
during its siege in 1861; joined the Army of the Potomac in March, 1862; and was made chief of artillery of McCall
Late in April of that year he was made brigadier-general, and commanded a brigade in the Peninsular campaign
He led a brigade in the battles at Groveton
, South Mountain
, and Antietam
, and commanded a division in the assault on Fort Wagner
, where he was severely wounded (July 18, 1863). In February, 1864, he commanded an expedition to Florida
, and fought a battle at Olustee
He commanded divisions at the beginning of the Richmond
campaign of 1864, and in the Shenandoah Valley the same year.
He was in the Richmond
campaign from December, 1864, to the surrender of Lee
, and was brevetted majorgeneral, United States army, “for services during the Rebellion
He was retired in 1876.
He died in Florence, Italy
, Oct. 30, 1891.