; born in Lancaster, Pa.
, July 27, 1752; went to Baltimore
with his father in 1760, and, receiving a common school education, entered his father's counting-room in 1771.
and soon afterwards visited Europe
in one of his father's vessels.
He joined a volunteer company, and became captain in Smallwood
's regiment in January, 1776; was in the battle of Long Island
; was distinguished on Harlem Plains; and was wounded at White Plains
. Captain Smith
was in the retreat of Washington
to the Delaware
late in 1776; was lieutenant-colonel
of a Maryland regiment in 1777; fought at Brandywine
; and immediately afterwards was placed in command of Fort Mifflin, which weak and exposed work he gallantly defended from Sept. 26 to Nov. 11 against a British naval and land force; and in that affray was severely wounded.
In the ensuing winter he suffered at Valley Forge
; took an active part in the battle of Monmouth
; and continued to do duty as a colonel of militia until the end of the war. Having lost his fortune during three years service, lie was compelled to resign his Continental commission late in 1778.
He served a short time as Secretary of the Navy
, and as major-general of Maryland
troops did good service in the defence of Baltimore
in 1814. General Smith
was a member of Congress, either as Representative or United States Senator
, from 1793 to 1833.
When, in his eightythird year (1835), a mob took possession of Baltimore
, General Smith
, at the call
of the citizens, led a force that effectually suppressed the disturbances, and he was afterwards elected mayor of the city, where he died, April 22, 1839.