Clergyman; born in Minaville, N. Y.
, May 18, 1834; graduated at Union College in 1855, and at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1858, and was ordained a minister in the Presbyterian Church on May 5 of the latter year.
The same year he went as a missionary to the Choctaw Indians
In 1859-69 he was engaged in missionary work in western Wisconsin
and southern Minnesota
; in 1869-70 was superintendent of the Presbyterian
missions in western Iowa
, and the Rocky Mountain
Territories; and in 1877 became superintendent of the Presbyterian
missions in Alaska
In 1885 he was appointed United States general agent
of education for the Territory of Alaska
In 1887 he organized at Sitka
the Alaskan Society of Natural History and Ethnology; in 1884 induced Congress to grant a district organization to Alaska
; in 1891 introduced reindeer into that region; and in 1898 was authorized to secure a colony of Laplanders for Alaska
He was several times a commissioner to the general assembly of the Presbyterian Church, and moderator in 1897.
He gave $50,000 to establish a Christian college in Utah
He is a member of the National Geographical Society, and many other similar organizations.
His publications include Alaska and missions on the North Pacific coast
; Education in Alaska
, and elaborate reports on Alaska
in the annual reports of the United States Commissioner