Diplomatist; born in Nan Ping, China
, Nov. 17, 1828; came to the United States
in 1847; graduated at Yale College in 1854; was commissioned by the Chinese government in 1864 to buy machinery in the United States
for what became the arsenal of Kiang Nan. In 1870 he made several propositions to the Chinese government, two of which were adopted— viz., to arrange a settlement of the massacre of Christians in Tientsin
by establishing a line of steamers to carry tributerice; the outgrowth of which was the celebrated China Merchant Steam Navigation Company; and to provide for the education of Chinese
youth in foreign countries, that intercourse with foreigners might be made easier.
Under the last provision scores of young men were sent to the United States
, and, under the charge of an educational commission with headquarters at
, were prepared by a thorough course of study to take their places as
wise and intelligent rulers among the government officials of their country-an enterprise which has since been discontinued.
was made assistant minister of China
He married Miss Mary Kellogg
, of Hartford, Conn.
, and this act meeting with much disfavor in China
led to his recall.
He did not dare take his wife and two children with him, and finding himself officially ignored, he returned to Hartford
, where he remained till the Chino-Japanese War
, when he was ordered to return to China
He was appointed one of the Chinese peace commissioners, but the Japanese commissioners declined to recognize him on account of his rank, and a first-rank nobleman, Chang Ten Hoon, was appointed to his place.
was then raised to that rank, and in 1897 he was the Chinese representative at Queen Victoria's jubilee.