It is in furtherance of these views that the following biographical sketch is offered, of one of the most patriotic, skilful, farseeing and heroic chieftains of the Confederate army; whose military career and successes have called forth the admiration of Europe
as well as of America
, and of whom Louisiana
, his native State, is—and well may be—fondly proud.
Pierre Gustave Toutant
was born in the parish of St. Bernard
, near the city of New Orleans, State of Louisiana
, on the 28th of May, 1818.
The earliest authentic records of his family, one of the oldest and most illustrious of Louisiana
, go back to the year 1290, or about that time, when Tider, surnamed the Young, at the early age of eighteen, headed a party of Welsh
in revolt against Edward I., then King
Overcome, and his followers dispersed, Tider took refuge in France
, where he was presented to Philip IV., surnamed the Fair
, and cordially welcomed to his court.
He there married Mademoiselle de Lafayette
, maid of honor to Madame Marguerite
, sister of Philip.
War was then raging between France
, and was only appeased by the marriage of King Edward with Marguerite
Tider and his wife followed the new queen to England
; but never were the suspicions and animosity of Edward against his former rebellious subject allayed.
By the queen's entreaties Edward was induced to assign Tider to a government post in Saintonge, then part of the British
possessions on the Continent; but soon afterwards he revoked his royal favor, and Tider was again compelled to seek shelter in France
, where he lived, with his wife and children, on a pension left them by the dead queen.
He died in the neighborhood of Tours
, at the age of forty-one.
His eldest son, Marc, returned to Saintonge, and there endeavored to recover some of his father's property, in which he only partially succeeded.
Having, through powerful influences, obtained a position under the English
crown, and being desirous of propitiating the king, to whom the name of Tider was still odious, he changed it into Toutank
. Gradually the letter ‘k’ was dropped, and the letter ‘t’ substituted in its place; thus transforming the old Celtic ‘Toutank’ into the Gallic ‘Toutant
During three centuries, the family bore, unaltered, the name of Toutant