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Chapter 11:

  • General Beauregard suggests a forward movement.
  • -- not approved by General Johnston. -- sanitary measures. -- deficiency in light artillery. -- instructions to Colonel Stuart. -- Mason's and Munson's Hills. -- General Beauregard proposes to hold them. -- General Johnston of a different opinion. -- popularity of General Beauregard. -- he establishes his headquarters at Fairfax Court-House. -- proposes another plan involving decisive battle. -- General Johnston deems it better not to hazard the movement. -- organization of the forces into divisions. -- General Beauregard advises that the army be placed under one head. -- President Davis invited to a conference at Fairfax Court-House. -- scheme of operations submitted. -- Generals Johnston and G. W. Smith approve it. -- troops in splendid fighting condition. -- the President objects. -- no reinforcements can be furnished, and no arms in the country. -- review of Mr. Davis's remarks on the subject. -- he proposes a plan for operations across the Potomac. -- the commanding Generals do not consider it feasible.

On the 8th of August, at General Beauregard's suggestion, Colonel Evans was ordered to move his brigade to Leesburg, and assume command of all the forces in Loudon County, the object being to protect that region against Federal incursions, about which numerous complaints were made.

It was about that time that General Beauregard resolved to throw his own forces forward. He hoped, by an advance, to be able more easily to take the offensive, or draw on a battle, while the enemy was yet demoralized and undisciplined. Accordingly, on the 9th and 10th, Longstreet's brigade was moved to Fairfax Court-House, and D. R. Jones's to Germantown. Bonham was drawn back from Vienna to Flint Hill, leaving a strong mounted guard at the former place. Cocke was stationed at Centreville; Ewell at Sangster's Crossroads; Early and Hampton at the intersection of the Occoquan with the Wolf Run Shoals road; and the Louisiana brigade at Mitchell's Ford. Elzey's brigade, of General Johnston's forces, was placed in the immediate vicinity of Fairfax Station, and Jackson's, also of General Johnston's forces, held a position near the crossing of Braddock's and the Fairfax Station roads.

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August 8th (1)
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