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Chapter 19:

  • Arrival of General Johnston at Corinth.
  • -- position of his troops on the 27th of March. -- offers to turn over command of the army to General Beauregard, who declines. -- General Beauregard urges an early offensive movement against the enemy, and gives his views as to plan of organizing the forces. -- General Johnston authorizes him to complete the organization already begun. -- General orders of March 29th. -- reasons why the army was formed into small corps. -- General Beauregard desirous of moving against the enemy on the 1st of April. -- why it was not done. -- on the 2d, General Cheatham reports a strong Federal force threatening his front. -- General Beauregard advises an immediate advance. -- General Johnston yields. -- General Jordan's statement of his interview with General Johnston on that occasion. -- special orders no. 8, otherwise called ‘order of March and battle.’ -- by whom suggested and by whom written. -- General Beauregard explains the order to corps commanders. -- tardiness of the first corps in marching from Corinth. -- our forces in position for battle on the afternoon of the 5th; too late to commence action on that day. -- Generals Hardee and Bragg request General Beauregard to ride in front of their lines. -- General Johnston calls General Beauregard and the corps commanders in an informal council. -- General Beauregard believes the object of the movement foiled by the tardiness of troops in arriving on the battle-field. -- alludes to noisy demonstrations on the March, and to the probability of Buell's Junction, and advises to change aggressive movement into a reconnoissance in force. -- General Johnston decides otherwise, and orders preparations for an attack at dawn next day. -- description of the field of Shiloh. -- strength of the Federal forces. -- what General Sherman testified to. -- we form into three lines of battle. -- our effective strength. -- carelessness and oversight of the Federal commanders. -- they are not aroused by the many sounds in their front, and are taken by surprise.

General Johnston reached Corinth on the night of the 22d of March, in advance of his army, which followed closely after him, portions arriving daily up to the 27th. General Hardee took position in the vicinity, with a body of about eight thousand men; while the remainder, under General Crittenden—some five thousand strong, exclusive of cavalry—were halted at Beirnsville and Iuka, on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad.

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