the ground between the Shiloh meeting-house and the river, in three lines of encampments, as already stated.
, in his sworn testimony before a courtmar-tial which, in August, 1862, tried Colonel Thomas Worthington
of the 46th Ohio Volunteers, for severely criticising his management before the battle of Shiloh
, said, of the position occupied by the Federals
: ‘But even as we were on the 6th of April, 1862, you might search the world over and not find a more advantageous field of battle; flanks well-protected, and never threatened; troops in easy support; timber and broken ground giving good points to rally; and the proof is, that forty-three thousand men, of whom at least ten thousand ran away, held their ground against sixty thousand chosen troops of the South
with their best leaders.
On Friday, the 4th, no officers nor soldiers, not even Colonel Worthington
, looked for an attack, as I can prove.’
It is somewhat strange that General Sherman
, in his ‘Memoirs,’ should maintain that the Federal
forces engaged in the battle of Shiloh
numbered only thirty-two thousand men of all arms, when, four months after that event, he stated, under oath, at the trial of Colonel Worthington
, that they amounted to fortythree thousand men, exclusive, be it remembered, of Lew. Wallace
's division of about eight thousand men, on the northwest side of Owl Creek
He then supposed our force was sixty thousand strong, instead of its actual number—forty thousand three hundred and thirty-five men of all arms and conditions.
But it may be fair to infer that he judged of their number by the effect they produced.
Thus it was that Mr. Lincoln
was sorely puzzled during the war at his commanding generals reporting constantly that they had fought the ‘Rebels’ with inferior numbers.
In the instance of the battle of Shiloh
, this phenomenon might, however, possibly have happened; for in about thirty days, with our defective means of transportation, we had collected at Corinth
, from Murfreesboroa, Pensacola
, New Orleans, and other distant points, an effective force of over forty thousand men of all arms, while the Federals
had failed to bring together, in time, at Pittsburg Landing
, notwithstanding their ample means of land and water transportation, the armies of Buell
, from Nashville, Tennessee
, and of Pope
, from southeast Missouri
Yet the Confederate army had advanced and was then assembled at Monterey
and vicinity, less than nine miles in his front.