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Chapter 20:

  • Battle of Shiloh.
  • -- varied incidents and events of the first day. -- enemy taken by surprise. -- his lines driven in. -- entire forces engaged on both sides. -- triumphant advance of our troops. -- General Johnston in command of the right and centre. -- General Beauregard of the left and reserves. -- Allurements of the enemy's camps. -- straggling begins among our troops. -- death of the Commander-in-chief. -- General Beauregard assumes command and renews the attack all along the line. -- enemy again forced to fall back and abandon other camps. -- evidence of exhaustion among the troops. -- straggling increasing. -- General Beauregard's efforts to check it. -- Collects stragglers and pushes them forward. -- battle still raging. -- capture of General Prentiss and of his command. -- our troops reach the Tennessee river. -- Colonel Webster's batteries. -- arrival of Ammen's brigade, Nelson's division, of Buell's army. -- its inspiriting effect upon the enemy. -- the gunboats. -- intrepidity of our troops. -- their brilliant but ineffectual charges. -- firing gradually slackens, as the day declines. -- at dusk General Beauregard orders arrest of conflict. -- troops ordered to bivouac for the night, and be in readiness for offensive movement next day. -- storm during the night. -- arrival of the whole of Buell's army. -- gunboats keep up an incessant shelling.

As the Federal troops lay encamped, Sherman's and Prentiss's divisions stretched from the Owl Creek bridge, on the Purdy road, to the ford of Lick Creek, on the Shore road, from Pittsburg to Hamburg. Sherman's 1st brigade, under Colonel McDowell, was on the extreme right; his 4th, under Colonel Buckland, west of and resting on the Shiloh meeting-house; his 3d, under Colonel Hildebrand, east of and resting also on the Shiloh meetinghouse. Next came Prentiss's division, and, at a very wide interval—by a loose arrangement—was Sherman's 2d brigade, under Colonel Stuart, near Lick Creek. About half a mile in rear of this line, and between Sherman and Prentiss, lay McClernand's division; and two miles in rear, towards the Tennessee River, C. F. Smith's division, now under General W. H. L. Wallace; while on Wallace's left was Hurlbut's division, on the Hamburg road, about a mile and a half in rear of Stuart.

Before five o'clock A. M., on the 6th of April, General Hardee's

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Sherman (4)
Prentiss (4)
G. T. Beauregard (4)
W. H. L. Wallace (2)
J. E. B. Stuart (2)
Buell (2)
J. D. Webster (1)
C. F. Smith (1)
Nelson (1)
McDowell (1)
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