's army, its flight arrested by the river, and its masses tossing in uncontrollable panic and disorder.1
But in rear of the victorious Confederate line was a scene of straggling and pillage which, for a time, defied all remonstrance and all efforts at coercion.
The disorder and plunder that had followed the capture of Prentiss
's, and Mc-Clernand's camps were now all the greater, as the troops, fasting since dawn—and some of them since the previous evening—were exhausted from incessant fighting and marching.
The commands were broken and mixed; and among many the idea prevailed that the battle had been won and was virtually ended.
One cheering feature, however, in the scene of spoil, was the strewing of old flint-locks and double-barrelled shot-guns, exchanged for the Enfield and Minie rifles abandoned by the enemy.
In view of this change of armament and the general scarcity of ammunition, General Beauregard
ordered the collection of the enemy's ordnance stores, as well as all available provisions, to be sent to the rear for greater security.
The forces were deployed again into line from the point around which they had centred in the capture of Prentiss
's and Wallace
's advanced regiments.
Those under General Bragg
's direction moved to the right, Chalmers
's brigade leading, after a halt for re-distribution of ammunition;2
and, extending to the Tennessee bottom
's brigade followed, without ammunition, the bayonet being their only weapon.3
The remainder of the line was continued from right to left, with the same brigades that had been previously engaged.
Those on the right of the Ridge
road were practically under the direction of General Bragg
, and those on the left of it, under Generals Polk
This road, as well as all approaches to the Landing
, was swept by the enemy's artillery.
The Federal position, on the bluffs, was fronted by a deep ravine and creek, running into the Tennessee
, with branches falling into it from the line of the Confederate
advance, all filled with back water from the river, on account of the late heavy rains; and the main ravine, which protected the Federal
front, was enfiladed