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Chapter 22:

  • Commentaries on the battle of Shiloh: I. Why Generals Johnston and Beauregard did not sooner move the army from Corinth.
  • -- II. their reasons for forming their lines of battle as they did. -- III. why the Confederate attack was made chiefly on the enemy's right, and not on his entire front. -- IV. demonstration of the fact that the Confederate attack took the enemy completely by surprise. -- V. General Beauregard's opinion and criticism of General Sherman's tactics during the battle. -- VI. Refutation of the charge that the Confederate troops were withdrawn too soon from the battle-field on the evening of the 6th. -- comparison drawn by Mr. Davis between General A. S. Johnston and Marshal Turenne. -- VII. General Beauregard's opinion as to the fighting of the Confederates during the battle of the 7th. -- VIII. correction of the absurd story that General Beauregard did not leave his ambulance during the first day of the battle, and, when informed of General Johnston's death, ‘quietly remained where he was, waiting the issue of events.’


Generals Johnston and Beauregard have both been censured for not moving sooner and more rapidly from Corinth, to attack the Federals at Pittsburg Landing, so as to anticipate General Buell's junction with General Grant. The causes of this delay, as already given in the preceding chapters, sufficiently absolve the two Confederate commanders from any just blame. The reader will pardon us for briefly reverting to them.

General Beauregard, it will be remembered, only arrived at Jackson, Tennessee, on the 17th of February. General Polk, with about fourteen thousand five hundred men of all arms, was in command in that military district. Four days after General Beauregard's arrival, and before he had yet formally assumed command, he despatched five officers of his staff to the governors of Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, to ascertain whether they could send him, at Corinth, the State troops they had available at that time; and he also requested General Johnston, who was then at Murfreesboroa, retiring, with some fifteen thousand

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G. T. Beauregard (7)
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