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[353] represented to be a strong natural position, but in a more unfinished state than any other around Madrid Bend. Some fieldworks were also in process of construction at the points above named, though little progress had yet been made upon them, as was represented to General Beauregard by his Chief-Engineer, Captain Harris.

The reader is referred to the several chapters preceding the account of the battle of Shiloh,1 wherein many of the arrangements made by General Beauregard with regard to Columbus, and for the defence of New Madrid, Island No.10, and Madrid Bend, including the incidents connected therewith, are mentioned at length, and carefully reviewed in the order of their actual occurrence. We allude to the memorandum of February 7th, prepared at Bowling Green by General Beauregard, exhibiting the general plans of operations adopted by General A. S. Johnston at that time;2 to General Beauregard's letter to General Johnston, dated February 12th, 1862;3 to the telegram of the Secretary of War, dated February 19th, authorizing the evacuation of Columbus, as suggested by General Beauregard;4 to the latter's communication of February 21st to General Cooper;5 to his circular of same date to the governors of Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana;6 and also to his letter of February 23d to Lieutenant-General Polk.7 These papers, documents, and outside details give an outline of the dispositions General Beauregard considered it judicious to make for the security of the defensive works on the Mississippi River. They show that although his attention was engrossed by the movements of concentration which he was then preparing, he could, nevertheless, spare time and thought for distant points, foreseeing what the probable plans of the enemy would be, and suggesting the means necessary to defeat them.

It had been agreed between Generals Beauregard and Polk that Brigadier-General McCown, with some seven thousand men, should be sent to the positions about Madrid Bend as soon as the works in process of construction there should have reached a sufficient state of completion to be properly armed and manned. The surplus ammunition removed from Columbus was to be sent to

1 Chapters XV.-XVIII.

2 Chapter XV: p. 220.

3 Ibid. p. 221.

4 Appendix to Chapter XVI.

5 Ibid.

6 Chapter XVI: p. 240.

7 Appendix to Chapter XVI.

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G. T. Beauregard (7)
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