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[366] 10; but, though expecting troops from Memphis, he had not been apprised of the name or rank of the officer who was to accompany them. He soon learned, however, that General Rust ranked him, and wrote for instructions to army headquarters. General Beauregard authorized him to retain the immediate command of the Works until the arrival of Major-General Samuel Jones, spoken of as the next commander of the fort, but who never came, his services being required at Mobile. On the 24th, the whole of General Rust's command—less one regiment left at Randolph—was ordered to Corinth via Memphis. The object was to counteract, as much as possible, by additional forces, whatever movement was planned by the enemy, in consequence of the withdrawal of General Pope's forces from the Mississippi River.

A few days before, General Beauregard being of opinion that the services of Captain Harris could then be dispensed with at Fort Pillow, and appreciating the necessity of defending the river at some other point farther down, telegraphed General Villepigue as follows:

Corinth, April 20th, 1862.
Brigadier-General J. B. Villepigue, Comdg. works at Fort Pillow:
Release Captain D. B. Harris, and instruct him to repair to Vicksburg, where he will find orders in post-office.

By command of General Beauregard.

Thomas Jordan, A. Adj.-Gen.

These orders ran thus:

Headquarters army of the Mississippi, Corinth, Miss., April 21st, 1862.
Captain D. B. Harris, Chief-Engineer, Vicksburg, Miss.:
Captain,—Understanding that there are no points sufficiently high on the river, between Memphis and Vicksburg, which could be fortified for the defence of the Mississippi, I have concluded to construct some defensive works on the bluffs at or about Vicksburg, for which purpose you will make a careful reconnoissance of that locality. From what I am told, I should think the bluffs immediately above that city, not far from where a small stream empties into the river, would be a proper point for said works, provided it is not commanded by surrounding heights within two miles. A lower battery, with four or five guns, might be so located as to defend the entrance of the Yazoo River and the small stream above mentioned, provided said battery can be protected by the guns of the upper works; otherwise the entrances into these two branches of the Mississippi must be obstructed by rafts, piling, or otherwise.

Another important consideration is, that the peninsula opposite Vicksburg should not be susceptible of being canalled across, from the river above to the

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