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[468] loss, as is precisely exhibited in the papers herewith marked ‘F,’ ‘G,’ and ‘H,’ and being lists of the killed and wounded. The killed outright numbered three hundred and sixty-nine, the wounded fourteen hundred and eighty-three, mak---ing an aggregate of casualties of eighteen hundred and fifty-two.

The actual loss of the enemy will never be known; it may only be conjectured. Their abandoned dead, as they were buried by our people where they fell, unfortunately, were not enumerated; many parts of the fields were thick with their corpses, as few battle-fields have ever been. The official reports of the enemy are studiously silent on this point, but still afford us data for an approximate estimate. Left almost in the dark, in respect to the losses of Hunter's and Heintzelman's divisions—first, longest, and most hotly engaged— we are informed Sherman's brigade, Tyler's division, suffered in killed, wounded, and missing, six hundred and nine, that is, about eighteen per cent. of the brigade. A regiment of Franklin's brigade (Gorman's) lost twenty-one per cent. Griffin's (battery) loss was thirty per cent., and that of Keyes's brigade, which was so handled by its commander as to be exposed to only occasional volleys from our troops, was at least ten per cent. To these facts, add the repeated references in the reports of the more reticent commanders to the ‘murderous’ fire to which they were exposed, the ‘pistol-range’ volleys and galling musketry of which they speak as scourging their ranks, and we are warranted in placing the entire loss of the Federalists at over forty-five hundred in killed, wounded, and prisoners. To this may be legitimately added, as a casualty of the battle, the thousands of fugitives from the field who have never rejoined their regiments, and who are as much lost to the enemy's service as if slain or disabled by wounds. These may not be included under the head of ‘missing,’ because, in every instance of such report, we took as many prisoners of those brigades or regiments as are reported ‘missing.’

A list appended, marked ‘I,’ exhibits some fourteen hundred and sixty of their wounded and others who fell into our hands and were sent to Richmond; some were sent to other points, so that the number of prisoners, including wounded, who did not die, may be set down as not less than sixteen hundred. Besides these, a considerable number, who could not be removed from the field, died at the several farm-houses and field-hospitals within ten days following the battle.

To serve the future historian of this war, I will notice the fact that, among the captured Federalists, are officers and men of forty-seven regiments of volunteers, besides, from some nine different regiments of Regular troops, detachments of which were engaged.

From their official reports we learn of a regiment of volunteers, six regiments of Miles's division, and the five regiments of Runyon's brigade, from which we have neither sound nor wounded prisoners. Making allowances for mistakes, we are warranted in saying that the Federal army consisted of at least fifty-five regiments of volunteers, eight companies of Regular infantry, four of marines, nine of Regular cavalry, and twelve batteries (49 guns). These regiments, at one time, as will appear from a published list,1 numbered, in the aggregate, fifty-four thousand


1 Marked ‘K.’

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Tyler (1)
Sherman (1)
Runyon (1)
William Porcher Miles (1)
Keyes (1)
Hunter (1)
Heintzelman (1)
Griffin (1)
Gorman (1)
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