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[485] concur in the amendments about the Latin and Greek crosses, and general recollection about Colonel Walton's proposed flag, and accept your amendments of the 13th.

With kind regards for you and yours, from Mrs. S. and myself, I remain as ever,

Very truly, your friend,


99 Nassau Street, New York City, March 21st, 1881.
Genl. G. T. Beauregard, New Orleans, La.:
Dear General,—In reply to your inquiry, I have to say, my recollection of the circumstances leading to the adoption of the Confederate battle-flag is, that you took the initiative in this matter, and directed the preparation of the various drawings, etc., which were submitted to General Johnston. The design which you preferred was approved by him, modified at his suggestion, by making the flag square in form instead of rectangular, as originally drawn. In this shape it was acceptable to all who were consulted on the subject.

Yours truly,


New Orleans, La., Jan.—1872.
Dear Sir,—In answer to the inquiries contained in your letter of the 3d instant, relative to the origin of the Confederate battle-flag, and the devices of the Louisiana State flag, flying on the City Hall of New Orleans when Commodore Farragut appeared before this city in April, 1862, I give you, with pleasure., the following information.

At the battle of Manassas, on the 21st of July, 1861, I found it difficult to distinguish our then Confederate flag from the United States flag, especially when General Early made the flank movement which decided the fate of the day, and I determined at that time to have adopted a ‘battle-flag’ which would be entirely different from any State or Federal flags. I submitted my views on the subject to General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding, who approved of them, and to the Confederate States War Department, who made at first some objections to them, but finally consented. I then designed a diagonal red cross with white stars on a blue field, but, on consultation with General Johnston and Colonel W. Porcher Miles, Chairman of the House Military Committee, the latter gentleman suggested a red ground, with a blue cross, and the former a square flag, instead of the slightly oblong one devised by me; these suggestions were adopted, after colored drawings of the two flags had been made and discussed, as well as a nearly corresponding one from Colonel J. B. Walton of the Louisiana Washington Artillery. It had the merit of being small and light, and of being very distinct at great distances. Should we ever be compelled to have a foreign war, I trust that it will be adopted as our national battle-flag, to which Southern soldiers will always gladly rally in a just cause.

The State flag referred to by you contained thirteen stripes, four blue, six white, and three red, commencing at top with the colors as written. The union


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