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[502]

Brigadier-General A. P. Stewart commands an independent brigade of three, regiments and the heavy artillery, and is in immediate command of the works.

In addition, there are quite fourteen hundred cavalry, over whom there should be some competent commander.

These twenty-two regiments really ought to be subdivided into five brigades, two of them of four regiments and two of five regiments each, taking the weakest regiments for the latter. Larger brigades of Volunteers cannot be well handled in action, and I prefer, on that account, brigades of but four regiments.

I regard the divisional organization as absolutely essential; my experience fully confirms the military practice in European services in this connection. Volunteers need these subdivisions even more than regular troops.

As reported in a previous communication, I have called upon the governors of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Alabama for additional troops. To-day I hear, by telegraph, that they will be furnished with the utmost alacrity and despatch. For their prompt organization, brigade commanders will be wanted.

At present the general officers at Columbus are Major-General Polk, Brigadier-Generals Cheatham, McCown, and A. P. Stewart. Under these circumstances, I must respectfully recall the attention of the department to my letter, written just as I was leaving Centreville, touching the organization of this army. I would, however, so far qualify that letter as to say, that officers serving now with the troops at Columbus, who may have been recommended by Generals Polk and Johnston for the command of brigades, should justly have precedence over those indicated by me as suitable for such commands. But some, at least, of those I recommended for division and brigade commands, I shall need at an early day for the organization and command of the new levies; and I trust the President may be pleased to appoint and send them to report to me with as little delay as practicable.

The services of Colonel Mackall, as a division commander, I consider as indispensable at this critical juncture. My health is such as to make it essential for me to have as many trained, experienced officers to aid me as practicable.

Respectfully, General, your obedient servant,

G. T. Beauregard, Genl. C. S. A. Samuel Cooper, Genl. and A. and I. Genl., Richmond.

Jackson, Tenn., Feb. 25th, 1862.
To General S. Cooper, A. and I. Genl., Richmond:
Am offered service of Louisiana Legion in the emergency, under Act of Congress, 21st July—August, 1861, for local defence. May I accept? These troops greatly needed. Time precious. Please answer in duplicate to Governor Moore.


Cavalry at Paris best be distributed on outpost duty to watch all important roads from about Paris to as near south of Mayfield as possible. Burn bridges


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