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[530] nightfall bivouacked at a spring to the right of the Bark road. To reach the spring the command was moved off of the Bark road, on a blind road which made a cut-off across the head-waters of a creek, while the Bark road followed the ridge around the spring and small branches of the creek.

Late at night General Polk's command came along, following his order, the command of General Hardee, and, the Bark road being unoccupied, moved on it until he reached a picket which I had posted, over a mile in advance of General Hardee's bivouac. On the morning of the 5th General Hardee moved on early; and when we got back into the Bark road we found it occupied by General Polk's command, which was in our front. The road was too narrow to admit of a passage of Hardee's train, so it became necessary to lift General Polk's train to one side of the road, which was effected by the aid of soldiers and teamsters. This accident occasioned some delay and confusion, and may, to some extent, account for a tardiness in General Polk's arrival at the point designated for the formation of the lines of battle.

In justice to General Polk, I will say that I do not think he discovered that General Hardee had gone out of the Bark road until he had passed General Hardee's command. Knowing that he was in its rear, he naturally enough had no advance guard out, and no means of discovering the condition of affairs. I joined you on the morning of the 5th at Monterey, and rode with you to Headquarters No. 1. Judging of time by what I had done that morning, I am of opinion that it was after noon before you and General Johnston reached the ridge where the front line was formed and Headquarters No. 1 was established.

After a conference of the general officers was held, at a point in the road, at which I witnessed a very marked deference on the part of General A. S. Johnston for your opinions and plans of conducting the battle, it was suggested by General Hardee that you should ride in front of his line of battle to show yourself to his men, giving them the encouragement which nothing but your presence could do. I well remember your modest hesitation at the proposition; your plea of sickness was urged (a more delicate reason existed, no doubt —your esteem for the chief in command); but when the request was made unanimous, General Johnston urging, you consented, on condition that the men should not cheer as you passed, as cheering might discover our position to the enemy. An order was sent quickly along the lines, informing the men that you would ride in front of them, and that no cheering should be indulged in. You passed in front of the lines, and never was an order so reluctantly obeyed as was this order—‘No cheering, men’—which had to be repeated at every breath, and enforced by continuous gesture.

General Johnston's prestige was great, but the hearts of the soldiers were with you; and your presence awakened an enthusiasm and confidence magical in its effect.

The formation in proper line was later than the original calculation; but I heard no complaint except of a tardiness on the part of General Polk.

The determination was to strike the enemy at daybreak on the 6th; and the general commanders received instructions for the attack. Officers and soldiers slept on their arms in hearing of the enemy, who, unconscious of our presence,


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