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[552] without having been an eye-witness. Brigades, regiments, and companies began to disperse at that hour and move more or less distantly to the rear. Several years of subsequent service have impressed me that General Beauregard's order for withdrawing the troops was most timely; otherwise the collection and reorganization of troops that took place that night could not have been made, and the army would not have been in condition to make the obstinate head which it did on the next day, against Grant's and Buell's combined armies, up to the moment in the afternoon when it was withdrawn, carrying off so considerable a part of the enemy's captured artillery, and in such good order that Buell's and Grant's armies did not venture to follow.

Yours truly,




Appendix to Chapter XXIII.

Telegram.

Can you spare General McCown for one day to come here? Let him bring Trudeau's drawing of Island No.10 and vicinity, taken back by Captain Harris.


Headquarters Madrid Bend, March 8th, 1862, via Union City.
To General Beauregard:
Your telegrams of 5th and 7th noted. Every effort is being made to remedy the Battery No. 1. Ordnance was sent here from Columbus in such confusion that I don't know what I can spare. I shall exercise my best judgment in all matters. Peremptory orders to save a battery from overflow might require all my force for weeks. The enemy is erecting a battery at Point Pleasant. A gunboat went down to shell them out. I have not heard the result. I have not yet placed the salient in advance of the works at New Madrid; the position it would occupy is raked by the gunboats. I have not force enough to occupy it. I shall erect it as soon as I can. From what I learn, I fear the enemy can get guns down as low as Tiptonville, on the Missouri shore. The railroad to Sykeston is being rapidly repaired. Can soon be laid to New Madrid, as no grading is required. The least estimate of the force of the enemy on Madrid plain is thirty thousand, with sixty guns.

You express confidence in my holding the place. With my present force I can only hold Island No.10 and the Bend by holding New Madrid. How long I can hold New Madrid with my small force against such odds is a question. I believe the enemy will soon be fifty thousand strong. He occupies position from where he can't retreat. In my humble opinion, it is the place to inflict a great


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