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[555] wishes you to despatch to Fort Pillow, as soon as possible, all guns now at Madrid Bend for which you chance to have no carriages. It is hoped that the gunboats will be able to convoy any transport safely beyond that part of the river which can be approached by the enemy.

In connection with any effort to save Battery No. 1, at Madrid Bend, from the encroachments of the river, the General expects you to exercise your own judgment in the face of the exigency. You must determine what may be best to be done.

He instructs me, however, to suggest, if practicable at the time this may reach you, that you should construct some rifle-pits in front of your position at New Madrid, and as far in advance as may be practicable.

Transports must always be held convenient for the certain, prompt removal of your troops, if driven to that extremity by an overwhelming force, which the gunboats, at any time, shall prove unable to keep from an assault of your positions.

Reinforcements cannot be sent you without the risk of fatal consequences in this quarter. Our dependence, as long as possible, must be mainly on the gunboats and their ability to hold the enemy at bay and hinder any effective onset upon your forces. When that shall be no longer possible, in your judgment, and in that of Flag-Officer Hollins, you must evacuate, in accordance with the General's instructions of the 9th instant.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

Thomas Jordan, A. Adj.-Genl. Brig.-Genl. John P. McCown, Comdg. C. S. Forces, Madrid Bend.

Madrid Bend, March 13th, 1862.
To Col. Thomas Jordan, A. A. G.:
Colonel,—Commodore Hollins says that he cannot dispense with the Manassas. Let General Lovell know it. Batteries were planted last night, and opened at daylight against the lower fort. Dr. W. S. Bell, Medical Director, both legs shot off, one man killed, and one wounded, when I left. As far as I know, I think the object is regular approach.

J. P. McCown, Brig.-Genl.

Jackson, Tenn., March 14th, 1862.
Maj.-Genl. M. Lovell, New Orleans:
Commodore Hollins says he cannot dispense with Manassas.


Headquarters army of the Mississippi, Jackson, Tenn., March 14th, 1862.
Capt. D. B. Harris, Corps of Engineers, Madrid Bend:
Captain,—Your letter of the 9th instant was this day received and laid before the general commanding, who directs me to write, in reply, as follows:

He approves of your suggestion to postpone construction of redoubts at Madrid Bend. You will first complete the cremaillere line of which you speak, and place that line in defensive condition; of course, however, first making the river


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