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Chapter 4:

  • General Beauregard makes no material changes in the distribution of forces in Charleston.
  • -- Brigadier-General Simons in command of Morris Island. -- Brigadier-General Dunovant of Sullivan's Island. -- tone of troops. -- the first shell fired from Fort Johnson. -- the only motive actuating the South. -- at 5 A. M., April 12th, every battery in full play. -- Sumter responds at 7 o'clock. -- how our guns were served. -- engagement continued until nightfall. -- firing kept up all night by our batteries. -- no response from Sumter. -- conduct of the federal fleet. -- Fort re-opens fire on the morning of the 13th. -- burning of barracks. -- Sumter still firing.-our troops cheer the garrison. -- General Beauregard offers assistance to Major Anderson, who declines. -- hoisting of the white flag. -- terms of surrender. -- accident during the salute of the flag. -- evacuation. -- our troops enter the Fort, April 14th. -- hoisting of Confederate and Palmetto flags.
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On assuming command of Charleston, General Beauregard made no material change in the distribution and location of the forces he found there, and maintained the organization previously adopted by the South Carolina State authorities.

Brigadier-General James Simons was therefore left in command of Morris Island, all the batteries of which had been placed under the immediate charge of Lieutenant-Colonel W. G. De Saussure of the Second Artillery Battalion. He was assisted, at the Trapier Battery, by Captain King, of the Marion Artillery, and, later, by Captain Russell, of the Sumter Guards. Next to the Trapier Battery, and closer to Sumter, was the Stevens or Iron Battery, of which special mention has already been made. Then came the Cummings's Point battery, at a distance of only thirteen hundred yards from Fort Sumter. To it had been attached the rifled Blakely gun, just received from England. Both of these were held by the Palmetto Guard, and commanded by Major Stevens, of the Citadel Academy; Captain Cuthbert having special charge of the Iron Battery, and Captain Thomas of the Blakely gun. Besides the above-mentioned works, there could also be seen a long line of detached batteries, guarding the entrance of Ship Channel, and extending along the whole Morris Island beach. They

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G. T. Beauregard (3)
James Simons (2)
L. Thomas (1)
C. H. Stevens (1)
W. G. Saussure (1)
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