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[45] islands. The details of men at the Drummond lights were also on the alert, and ready at a moment's notice to illuminate the channels; while Captain Hartstein, with his cruising vessels, actively patrolled the outer harbor. The fleet arrived on the morning of the 13th, an hour or two after the action had been renewed, and remained spectators off the bar.

Very early on that morning all our batteries re-opened on the enemy, who responded with vigor for a while, concentrating his fire almost exclusively on Fort Moultrie. The presence of the fleet outside the bar, now visible to all, no doubt inspired both officers and men of the garrison with additional courage and a renewed spirit of endurance.

General Crawford, in his above-quoted essay, says: ‘Major Anderson was directed, if possible, to hold out until the 12th of April, when the expedition would go forward, and, finding his “flag flying,” an effort would be made to provision him, and to reinforce him, if resisted.’ 1

Major Anderson, with his officers and men, followed the instructions received. They did hold out; their flag was ‘flying’ on the 12th of April, and again on the 13th; and they were fighting in all earnest. The fleet outside thought proper, nevertheless, to abstain from all participation in the engagement.

‘By morning,’ says General Crawford, ‘the fleet sent to our assistance appeared off the bar, but did not enter.’ 2 And General Doubleday adds, in his characteristic manner: ‘After the event much obloquy was thrown upon the navy, because it did not come in and engage the numerous batteries and forts, and open for itself a way to Charleston; but this course would probably have resulted in the sinking of every vessel.’ 3

At about 8 o'clock A. M., in the thickest of the bombardment, a thin smoke was observable, curling up from Fort Sumter. It grew denser and denser as it steadily rose in the air; and it soon became apparent that the barracks of the fort had been set on fire by forty rounds of red-hot shot, thrown from an 8-inch Columbiad at Fort Moultrie, by a detachment of Company B, under Lieutenant Alfred Rhett. This sight increased the vigor of our attack; both officers and men feeling now that the garrison would

1 ‘Annals of the War,’ p. 325.

2 Ibid. p. 329.

3 General Doubleday's ‘Reminiscences,’ p. 150.

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