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‘ [93] of rifled 6-pounders, proved too much for it, and we soon succeeded in silencing its fire.’ So well did they succeed, that, further on, Major Barnard himself is compelled to use the following language: ‘This ought to have been the end of the affair, but General Tyler, . . . persisting in the belief that the enemy would run whenever menaced by serious attack, had determined, I believe, to march to Manassas that day. Had he made a vigorous charge and crossed the stream at once, it is quite possible . . . that he might have succeeded.’ Here, Major Barnard's and General Tyler's success is evidently dwindling into something else. He proceeds thus: ‘But he only filed his brigade down to the stream, drew it up parallel to the other shore, and opened an unmeaning fusilade, the results of which were all in favor of the enemy, and before which, overawed rather by the tremendous volley directed at then than suffering heavy loss, one of the regiments broke in confusion and the whole force retired. This foolish affair (called by the Confederates the battle of Bull Run, they applying the term Manassas to the ensuing battle of the 21st, which we style the battle of Bull Run), had a marked effect upon the morale of our raw troops.’

Here we fail to comprehend Major Barnard's conclusions; that he attempts to palliate the defeat of the Federal forces on that day, by calling such a forward movement ‘a foolish affair,’ is not to be wondered at, and for this reason: the enemy's attack and its result could only have been termed ‘battle’ if our troops had ‘broken in confusion,’ instead of those opposing them. Major Barnard would have shown better grace, however, had he frankly admitted that attacking columns, which, ‘overawed by the tremendous volleys directed at them,’ ‘break in confusion’ and retire from the field—as did the ‘whole Federal force’ on that occasion—are unquestionably defeated.

About the same hour (noon, on the 18th), the Federals were discovered advancing also in strong columns of infantry, with artillery and cavalry, on Blackburn's Ford, near which General Beauregard now took position. Here the ground on the northern side of the Run, after a narrow level, ascends by a steep slope to a line of heights commanding the entire southern side, which, for several hundred yards, is almost a plain, and thence rises by a gentle slope to a wooded country, undulating back to Manassas. After a halfhour's cannonade from a battery of rifled guns, the column of

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