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[508] next gun in each case, and place instead a heavy sand-traverse, and so on, successively, to the left, so as to have an effective traverse alternating with the guns.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

Thomas Jordan, Chief of Staff.

Headquarters, Department S. C., Ga., and Fla., Charleston, S. C., August 21st, 1863.
Brig.-Genl. R. S. Ripley, Comdg. First Mil. Dist., etc., etc.:
General,—Henceforth the Commanding General directs that only the best troops be sent to Morris Island, twelve hours notice being given them, in order that they may prepare provisions, etc. The General directs me to communicate the following for your information.

The Engineers have been instructed to protect Battery Beauregard, by efficient traverses, from a reverse fire from Cummings's Point, in case the latter place should fall into the hands of the enemy. They have also been directed to prepare new batteries near Fort Johnson for the guns and mortars of Battery Simkins, if rendered untenable, and to at once close up the opening in rope obstructions near Fort Sumter, reopening one near Moultrie.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Jno. F. O'Brien, Major, and A. A. G.

Sumter, August 16th: 8 P. M.
Extracts from Colonel Rhett's Journal of the Defence of Fort Sumter.

Forty-eight shot fired this afternoon; four passed over, ten struck inside, and ten struck outside; two shot struck parapet above terre-plein; one passed through — the other a bulging shot. The pintle of one 24-pounder has been loosened by a shot on outside below terre-plein.

Sumter, August 17th: 7.30 A. M.
The enemy opened with a 200-pounder from this side of Graham's House, and another gun, I suppose a 100-pounder. From two 200-pounders under the hill also. They have hammered the fort a good deal, and the trunnion of a rifled 32-pounder has been knocked off. The Ironsides and two monitors are backing in.

Sumter, August 17th: 12.50 P. M.
Do send Wragg down. Doctor Moore is sick. We have stopped firing. The Ironsides and monitors have drawn off. The upper batteries have slackened fire. Six hundred and twelve shot and shell have struck and passed over us. One man—Company F—slightly wounded since last report. All the guns, except one 8-inch and one 10-inch gun on northwest front, disabled.

Sumter, August 18th.
* * * From 5 A. M., August 17th, to 5 A. M., August 18th, 948 shot and shell were fired, 445 of which struck outside, 223 inside, and 270 passed over. The

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